By [http://ezinearticles.com/?expert=Shelley_Pogue]Shelley Pogue
Focaccia it is a bread that is made in Northern Italy. You can add any ingredient that you prefer, to make it one of your own recipes. I will give you the list of ingredients that I prefer to use, and the technique to make Focaccia. Then you are off on your own to individualize the recipe for your taste requirements.
List of Ingredients:
For the Herb Oil
1 Cup of Olive Oil
1-2 T Basil chopped
1-2 T Thyme chopped
1-2 T Oregano chopped
1-2 T Rosemary chopped
3-4 cloves of Garlic you can add an additional clove/cloves, if you like more garlic
1 T of good sea salt or Kosher Salt
1/2 - 1 tsp of cracked Pepper
To make the Herb Oil for the bread: Combine all of the fresh herbs in a mixing bowl and mix thoroughly. Just let it hang out until you are ready for it, but do not refrigerate.
Ingredients for the Focaccia Dough:
6 cups of Bread Flour
2-3 tsp of Sea Salt
2 tsp of instant yeast
7 tsp of olive oil
2 1/2 cups of water Make sure you water is not too hot between 105 - 115 degrees so it will not kill the yeast
To make your dough:
Combine all of the ingredients, other that the olive oil into a dough mixer. You could do this by hand if you want it will just double your mixing time. Mix until dough is all incorporated and together which will be about 3-5 minutes, and then add a little Olive Oil, just about 3-4 tsp. Then you will continue to mix the dough about an additional 1-2 minutes. You will remove the dough and add to a clean bowl. First you will coat the bowl first with about 1 tsp of Olive Oil, and then you will place the dough ball into the coated bowl. You will the let the dough rest for about 10-15 minutes at room temperature. Then you will punch/push/knead the dough down with your hands in a folded fist manner. You will not actually be punching the bread, it is just the name of the technique. After you do this process for around 1-2 minutes you will do the same thing over. Coat the bowl with about 1 tsp of oil, and this time you will cover with saran wrap and let the dough double in size. You want to keep an eye on the dough so it does not over ferment.
After it has double in size you will preheat your over to 400 if it is gas and 425 if it is electric. You are going to get your Focaccia bread prepped to bake. You will need a half sheet baking tray, and you will need to use some olive oil on the bottom of the pan to prevent sticking, and to help achieve a firm bottom crust. Transfer the dough to the greased sheet pan, do this gently, so it will not start to work the dough. Use your fingertips to start spreading the dough but do not puncture it while spreading. You will eventually work the dough out to the corners of the sheet pan. At this time you will let the dough rest for about 5-10 minutes. Make sure that your dough has not shrunk in, if it has punch it back out at this time. Add your Herb Oil and generously cover the bread. Next you will add the ingredients below.
Ingredients for the bread before baking:
1/2 - 1 cup of Sun Dried Tomatoes julienne strips
1 cup Parmesan Cheese shredded
1/2 cup of Olives that you prefer, I like the Kalamata Olives, but use your favorite
Your bread is almost ready to go in the oven, and this is the last step. Add these final ingredients, or ones you choose, and then put Focaccia Bread into the preheated oven. You will bake for around 8-10 minutes and turn 1/2 way or 180 degrees through the baking process and then cook until done, which could be an additional 10-15 minutes depending on your over. The top and bottom will be crisp, and it will have a slight golden or very light brown color. You will need to remove the bread at this time and add to a cooling rack to keep the bottom of the bread from getting soggy. Cool for about 15- 20 minutes before serving.
Chef Shelley Pogue, a Cum Laude, Le Cordon Blue graduate and Executive Research and Development Chef, for Vertical Sales and Marketing, San Ramon, CA.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Shelley_Pogue http://EzineArticles.com/?Focaccia-Bread---It-Is-One-Of-The-Staples-Of-Northern-Italian-Cuisine&id=995264